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What is an Ophthalmologist?

Ophthalmologists, also known as Eye MDs, are medical doctors (MD) or doctors of osteopathy (DO). Ophthalmologists specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of the eyes and visual system and in the prevention of eye disease and injury.

    • Ophthalmologists complete four or more years of undergraduate collegiate study
    • Four years of medical school
    • One year of internship (general medical training)
    • Three or more years of specialized training in all eye diseases, including medical and surgical
    • Many perform even further specialized training in specific eye diseases like glaucoma, retina, pediatrics, or oculoplastics
Ophthalmologists are the only doctors who can deliver the full spectrum of total eye care including vision services like contact lenses and glasses checks, eye health examinations, diabetes eye examinations, cataract examinations and cataract surgery, glaucoma eye care, and all types of medical eye care, surgical eye care, as well as diagnosis and treatment for ocular manifestations of systemic diseases.

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